External Table – Compressed Files

https://docs.oracle.com/database/121/ADMIN/tables.htm#ADMIN12898
Below the example with External tables using PREPROCESSOR option,
this is usefull where you have compressed files. The example has been
done with Pluggable Database.

Files:
C1.txt
C2.txt
ENG,England,English
SCO,Scotland,English
IRE,Ireland,English
WAL,Wales,Welsh
FRA,France,French
GER,Germany,German
USA,Unites States of America,English
 gzip c1.txt c2.txt

-rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall       77 Dec 12 16:00 c1.txt.gz
-rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall       92 Dec 12 16:00 c2.txt.gz

sqlplus / as sysdba
SQL> alter session set container=PDBPROD2;
Session altered.
  • Create a directory where the DATA is placed:
    SQL> create or replace directory dir_dba as '/home/oracle/dba';
    
    Directory created.
    
    SQL> grant read , write on directory dir_dba to public;
    
    Grant succeeded.
  • Create a directory pointing to the Utility that will be used to
    UNCOPRESS the file:
    
    [oracle@vm1 dba]$ which gunzip
    /usr/bin/gunzip
    
    [oracle@vm1 dba]$ which zcat
    
    /usr/bin/zcat
    
    SQL> create or replace directory dir_bin as '/usr/bin';
    
    Directory created.
    
    SQL> grant read, write on directory dir_bin to public;
    
    Grant succeeded.
    
    Drop table cmagno.countries_ext;
    
    CREATE TABLE cmagno.countries_ext (
      country_code      VARCHAR2(5),
      country_name      VARCHAR2(50),
      country_language  VARCHAR2(50)
    )
    ORGANIZATION EXTERNAL (
      TYPE ORACLE_LOADER
      DEFAULT DIRECTORY dir_dba
      ACCESS PARAMETERS (
        RECORDS DELIMITED BY NEWLINE
        PREPROCESSOR dir_bin:'zcat'
        FIELDS TERMINATED BY ','
        MISSING FIELD VALUES ARE NULL
        (
          country_code      CHAR(5),
          country_name      CHAR(50),
          country_language  CHAR(50)
        )
      )
      LOCATION ('c1.txt.gz','c1.txt.gz')
    )
    PARALLEL 1
    REJECT LIMIT UNLIMITED;
    
    SQL> select * from cmagno.countries_ext;
    
    COUNT COUNTRY_NAME                                   COUNTRY_LANGUAGE
    ----- -------------------------------------------------- -----------------
    ENG   England                                        English
    SCO   Scotland                                       English
    IRE   Ireland                                        English
    WAL   Wales                                          Welsh
    ENG   England                                        English
    SCO   Scotland                                       English
    IRE   Ireland                                        English
    WAL   Wales                                          Welsh
    
    After you can check inside of the data directory to see the logs:
    
    -rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall       77 Dec 12 16:00 c1.txt.gz
    -rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall       92 Dec 12 16:00 c2.txt.gz
    -rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall      676 Dec 12 16:59 COUNTRIES_EXT_15232.log
    -rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall      676 Dec 12 16:59 COUNTRIES_EXT_15230.log
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RMAN Convert between different platforms (Solaris -> Linux)

https://docs.oracle.com/cd/E11882_01/backup.112/e10642/rcmxplat.htm#BRADV89983
For this, I created a tablespace in a SUN Solaris 12c environment and did an export tts.

Tablespace name: TS_TEST
Schema Objects : HR
Objects : T1, T2, T3 tables, to checked inside of PDBPROD3 after the import
TARGET : CDBPROD:PDBPROD3 
All tables have 39 rows

Export:

BANNER CON_ID
-------------------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production 0
PL/SQL Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production 0
CORE 12.1.0.2.0 Production 0
TNS for Solaris: Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production 0
NLSRTL Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production 0

SQL> SELECT PLATFORM_NAME
FROM V$TRANSPORTABLE_PLATFORM
WHERE PLATFORM_ID =
 ( SELECT PLATFORM_ID
 FROM V$DATABASE ); 2 3 4 5

PLATFORM_NAME
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Solaris Operating System (x86-64)

SQL> alter tablespace ts_test read only;
Tablespace altered.

PDB: PDDPOC01
oracle@vdds-racdb-01:~$ expdp hr/hr@PDDPOC01 directory=dir_tmp transport_tablespaces=ts_test

Export: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Thu Nov 30 16:09:10 2017
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.
Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
Starting "HR"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01": hr/********@PDDPOC01 directory=dir_tmp transport_tablespaces=ts_test
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/STATISTICS/MARKER
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/POST_INSTANCE/PLUGTS_BLK
Master table "HR"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
******************************************************************************
Dump file set for HR.SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01 is:

/tmp/expdat.dmp

******************************************************************************

Datafiles required for transportable tablespace TS_TEST:
 +DATA/DDDSRACDB0/5926684743AC6B8BE054020820FA629A/DATAFILE/ts_test.dbf

Job "HR"."SYS_EXPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully completed at Thu Nov 30 16:10:03 2017 elapsed 0 00:00:42

ORACLE_SID = [DDDSRACD1] ? +ASM1
The Oracle base remains unchanged with value /u01/oracle
oracle@vdds-racdb-01:~$ asmcmd cp +DATA/DDDSRACDB0/5926684743AC6B8BE054020820FA629A/DATAFILE/ts_test.dbf /tmp

copying +DATA/DDDSRACDB0/5926684743AC6B8BE054020820FA629A/DATAFILE/ts_test.dbf -> /tmp/ts_test.dbf




racle@racdb01:/tmp$ ls -ltr
total 20968
drwxr----- 2 oracle oinstall 178 Nov 30 10:53 hsperfdata_oracle
drwxrwxrwx 2 root root 117 Nov 30 16:30 oracle
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 229376 Nov 30 16:36 test.dmp
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall 10493952 Nov 30 16:37 ts_test.dbf
drwxr-xr-x 2 root root 302 Nov 30 16:37 hsperfdata_root

ON VM1:

-rwxr-x---. 1 oracle oinstall 229376 Nov 30 16:39 test.dmp
-rwxr-x---. 1 oracle oinstall 10493952 Nov 30 16:39 ts_test.dbf

[oracle@vm1 dba]$ pwd

/home/oracle/dba

Copy the files to an existent directory into the server or create a new directory to be used during the import:

SQL> !ls -ltr /home/oracle/dba
total 10476
-rw-r--r--. 1 oracle oinstall 137 Nov 27 16:53 afiedt.buf
drwxrwxrwx. 2 oracle oinstall 64 Nov 30 10:56 scripts
-rwxr-x---. 1 oracle oinstall 229376 Nov 30 16:39 test.dmp
-rwxr-x---. 1 oracle oinstall 10493952 Nov 30 16:39 ts_test.dbf

SQL> create or replace directory dir_dba as '/home/oracle/dba';

Directory created.

SQL> grant read,write on directory dir_dba to public;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> show pdbs

CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
 5 PDBPROD3 READ WRITE NO

Convert the datafile:

SELECT PLATFORM_NAME, ENDIAN_FORMAT
FROM V$TRANSPORTABLE_PLATFORM;

Convert to the same directory where the datafiles are placed.

rman target /

RMAN> CONVERT DATAFILE '/home/oracle/dba/ts_test.dbf'
DB_FILE_NAME_CONVERT '/home/oracle/dba', '/u02/oradata/cdbprod/pdbprod3'
FROM PLATFORM 'Solaris Operating System (x86-64)';
2> 3>

Starting conversion at target at 30-NOV-17
using channel ORA_DISK_1
using channel ORA_DISK_2
using channel ORA_DISK_3
using channel ORA_DISK_4
channel ORA_DISK_1: starting datafile conversion
input file name=/home/oracle/dba/ts_test.dbf
converted datafile=/u02/oradata/cdbprod/pdbprod3/ts_test.dbf
channel ORA_DISK_1: datafile conversion complete, elapsed time: 00:00:01
Finished conversion at target at 30-NOV-17

Starting Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 30-NOV-17
piece handle=/u03/fra/CDBPROD/autobackup/2017_11_30/o1_mf_s_961435712_f20dfjv3_.bkp comment=NONE

Finished Control File and SPFILE Autobackup at 30-NOV-17

[oracle@vm1 datafile]$ ls -ltr /u02/oradata/cdbprod/pdbprod3/ts_test.dbf
-rw-r-----. 1 oracle oinstall 10493952 Nov 30 17:28 /u02/oradata/cdbprod/pdbprod3/ts_test.dbf

Check the TNS entry for PDBPROD3

PDBPROD3 =
 (DESCRIPTION =
 (ADDRESS_LIST =
 (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = vm1)(PORT = 1521))
 )
 (CONNECT_DATA =
 (SERVER = DEDICATED)
 (SERVICE_NAME = pdbprod3)
 )
 )

--> Import the datafile

impdp system/oracle@pdbprod3 dumpfile=test.dmp directory=dir_dba transport_datafiles=/u02/oradata/cdbprod/pdbprod3/ts_test.dbf

Import: Release 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on Thu Nov 30 17:34:50 2017
Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle and/or its affiliates. All rights reserved.

Connected to: Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, OLAP, Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options
Master table "SYSTEM"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully loaded/unloaded
Source time zone is +02:00 and target time zone is +00:00.

Starting "SYSTEM"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01": system/********@pdbprod3 dumpfile=test.dmp directory=dir_dba transport_datafiles=/u02/oradata/cdbprod/pdbprod3/ts_test.dbf
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/PLUGTS_BLK
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/TABLE_STATISTICS
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/STATISTICS/MARKER
Processing object type TRANSPORTABLE_EXPORT/POST_INSTANCE/PLUGTS_BLK
Job "SYSTEM"."SYS_IMPORT_TRANSPORTABLE_01" successfully completed at Thu Nov 30 17:35:34 2017 elapsed 0 00:00:41

--> Check the information

SQL> show pdbs

CON_ID CON_NAME OPEN MODE RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
 2 PDB$SEED READ ONLY NO
 3 PDBPROD1 READ WRITE NO
 4 PDBPROD2 READ WRITE NO
 5 PDBPROD3 READ WRITE NO
 6 PDBPROD4 READ WRITE NO

SQL> alter session set container=PDBPROD3;

Session altered.

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM HR.T1;
 COUNT(*)
----------
 39

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM HR.t2;
 COUNT(*)
----------
 39

SQL> SELECT COUNT(*) FROM HR.t3;
 COUNT(*)
----------
 39

Dataguard Setup with Broker

Container Database: cdbst -> cdbstdg
Primary: odasys12
StandBy: odasys11

1.) Primary - Check Archive Log Mode:

sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL> archive log list;
Database log mode              Archive Mode
Automatic archival             Enabled
Archive destination            USE_DB_RECOVERY_FILE_DEST
Oldest online log sequence     15
Next log sequence to archive   17
Current log sequence           17

2.) Primary - FORCE LOGGING

ALTER DATABASE FORCE LOGGING;
ALTER SYSTEM SWITCH LOGFILE;

3.) Primary - Standby Redo Log Files (SUM of Redo Logs + 1 with the max size of redo log files)

col member format A60
select * from v$logfile;

    GROUP# STATUS  TYPE    MEMBER                                                       IS_     CON_ID
---------- ------- ------- ------------------------------------------------------------ --- ----------
         1         ONLINE  +REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/group_1.334.942934501                  NO           0
         2         ONLINE  +REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/group_2.287.942934507                  NO           0
         3         ONLINE  +REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/group_3.292.942934511                  NO           0

SQL> select max(bytes) / (1024*1024) mb from v$log;

        MB
----------
      1024

ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/standby_redo01.log') SIZE 1g;
ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/standby_redo02.log') SIZE 1g;
ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/standby_redo03.log') SIZE 1g;
ALTER DATABASE ADD STANDBY LOGFILE ('+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/standby_redo04.log') SIZE 1g;

4.) Primary - Enable Flashback Database      
ALTER DATABASE FLASHBACK ON;

5.) Primary - Init Parameters

SQL> show parameter db_name

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_name                              string      cdbst

SQL> show parameter db_unique_name

NAME                                 TYPE        VALUE
------------------------------------ ----------- ------------------------------
db_unique_name                       string      cdbst

ALTER SYSTEM SET STANDBY_FILE_MANAGEMENT=AUTO scope=both;

6.)  Primary/StandBy - Listener.ora

Specific Listener for DRP
PORT: 1527
Name: LISTENER_DG
ORACLE_HOME: /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1

srvctl add listener -l LISTENER_DG -o $ORACLE_HOME -p 1527
srvctl start listener -l LISTENER_DG -n odasys12
srvctl start listener -l LISTENER_DG -n odasys11

a.) Primary - include into Listener.ora

SID_LIST_LISTENER_DG =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME = cdbst_DGMGRL)
      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1)
      (SID_NAME = cdbst)
    )
  )

lsnrctl reload LISTENER_DG
lsnrctl status LISTENER_DG

Service "cdbst_DGMGRL" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "cdbst", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

-- Include the Host/Port into the LOCAL_LISTENER to listener on the new port
alter system set LOCAL_LISTENER="(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=odasys12)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=odasys12)(PORT=1527)))" scope=BOTH;  
  
b.) StandBy - include into Listener.ora

SID_LIST_LISTENER_DG =
  (SID_LIST =
    (SID_DESC =
      (GLOBAL_DBNAME = cdbstdg_DGMGRL)
      (ORACLE_HOME = /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1)
      (SID_NAME = cdbstdg)
    )
  )

lsnrctl reload LISTENER_DG
lsnrctl status LISTENER_DG

Service "cdbstdg_DGMGRL" has 1 instance(s).
  Instance "cdbst", status UNKNOWN, has 1 handler(s) for this service...

7.) TNS Entries -  Include this TNS for both servers

CDBSTP =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = odasys12.bgl.lu)(PORT = 1527))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (sid = cdbst)
    )
  )

CDBSTDG =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = odasys11.bgl.lu)(PORT = 1527))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (sid = cdbstdg)
    )
  )

Note: After configure both tnsnames.ora test with tnsping the entries.  

8.) Duplicate
StandBy Database Name: cdbstdg

a.) On the primary database:

create pfile='initcdbstdg.ora' from spfile;

scp initcdbstdg.ora odasys11:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs
scp orapwcdbst odasys11:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs

b.) On the Standby Server:
cd /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs
cp orapwcdbst orapwcdbstdg

vi initcdbstdg.ora
:%s/cdbst/cdbstdg/g

- Check the Parameters to see if there are some specific configurations to fix
*.db_name='cdbst' --> must keep the same for both sites
*.db_unique_name='cdbstdg' --> include 

mkdir -p /u01/app/oracle/admin/cdbstdg/adump

c.) Preparing the ASM to Receive the CDB and PDBs:

- Controlfile:
inside of the init.ora for the standby there is:
*.control_files='+REDO/CDBST/CONTROLFILE/current.331.942934501'

asmcmd
cd +REDO
mkdir CDBSTDG
cd CDBSTDG
mkdir CONTROLFILE

Change the controlfile parameter to:

*.control_files='+REDO/CDBSTDG/CONTROLFILE/control_cdbstdg.ctl'

- Datafiles on PRIMARY:
Directories to CONVERT CLAUSE
col DIRECTORY format a60
select distinct substr(file_name,1,instr(file_name,'/',-1)) directory from cdb_data_files;

+DATA/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/
+DATA/NSCDB1/datafile/
+DATA/CDBST/DATAFILE/
+DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/
+DATA/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/

select distinct substr(member,1,instr(member,'/',-1)) directory from v$logfile;

+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/

- Create the directories on ASM to receive the files

+DATA/DG/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/
+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/datafile/
+DATA/DG/CDBST/DATAFILE/
+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/
+DATA/DG/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/

+REDO/DG/CDBST/ONLINELOG/

- create the file DupDG.rman

cd /home/oracle/scripts

vi DupDG.rman

DUPLICATE TARGET DATABASE
  FOR STANDBY
  FROM ACTIVE DATABASE
  DORECOVER
  NOFILENAMECHECK;

d.) Start the standby instance:

- Include into /etc/oratab
cdbstdg:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1:N

. oraenv
cdbstdg

sqlplus / as sysdba 
create spfile='+DATA/DG/spfilecdbstdg.ora' from pfile;
- change the initcdbstdg.ora
-- > SPFILE='+DATA/DG/spfilecdbstdg.ora'

startup nomount;

alter system set LOCAL_LISTENER="(ADDRESS_LIST=(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=odasys11)(PORT=1521))(ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=odasys11)(PORT=1527)))" scope=BOTH;  
alter system  SET db_file_name_convert='+DATA/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/','+DATA/NSCDB1/datafile/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/datafile/','+DATA/CDBST/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/CDBST/DATAFILE/','+DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/','+DATA/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/' scope=spfile;
alter system  SET log_file_name_convert='+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/','+REDO/DG/CDBST/ONLINELOG/' scope=spfile;
alter system  SET job_queue_processes=0 scope=both;

shut immediate
startup nomount;

-- On this case as the CONVERT parameter is used, is need to set on the primary also;
alter system  SET db_file_name_convert='+DATA/DG/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/','+DATA/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/datafile/','+DATA/NSCDB1/datafile/','+DATA/DG/CDBST/DATAFILE/','+DATA/CDBST/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/','+DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/','+DATA/DG/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/','+DATA/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/' scope=spfile;
alter system  SET log_file_name_convert='+REDO/DG/CDBST/ONLINELOG/','+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/' scope=spfile;

-- If the parameter needs to be changed after the BROKER is already configured use the commands below:
edit database 'cdbst' set property 'DbFileNameConvert'='+DATA/DG/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/,+DATA/NSCDB2/DATAFILE/,+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/datafile/,+DATA/NSCDB1/datafile/,+DATA/DG/CDBST/DATAFILE/,+DATA/CDBST/DATAFILE/,+DATA/DG/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/,+DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/,+DATA/DG/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/,+DATA/NSCDB3/DATAFILE/';
edit database 'cdbst' set property 'LogFileNameConvert'='+REDO/DG/CDBST/ONLINELOG/,+REDO/CDBST/ONLINELOG/';
show database 'cdbst' 'InconsistentProperties';

---> Test the connections using TNS
rman target sys/welcome1@CDBSTP AUXILIARY sys/welcome1@odasys11:1527/cdbstdg_DGMGRL
-- It should works in both servers

e.) Execute the Duplicate
cd $ORACLE_HOME/dbs

rman target sys/welcome1@CDBSTP AUXILIARY sys/welcome1@odasys11:1527/cdbstdg_DGMGRL @DupDG.rman log DupDG.log

Finished recover at 04/05/2017 14:23:22
Finished Duplicate Db at 04/05/2017 14:23:49

9.) Broker

-- Both Servers:
ALTER SYSTEM SET dg_broker_start=true;

-- PRIMARY
dgmgrl sys/welcome1@cdbst
CREATE CONFIGURATION cdbst_config AS PRIMARY DATABASE IS cdbst CONNECT IDENTIFIER IS cdbstp;
ADD DATABASE cdbstdg AS CONNECT IDENTIFIER IS cdbstdg MAINTAINED AS PHYSICAL;
ENABLE CONFIGURATION;
SHOW CONFIGURATION;
show database cdbst;
show database cdbstdg;

-- Choose the best option for the Environment: maxavailability (Enabled)
edit database 'cdbst' set property 'LogXptMode'='SYNC';
edit database 'cdbstdg' set property 'LogXptMode'='SYNC';
edit configuration set protection mode as maxavailability;

-- To change to maxperformance
edit configuration set protection mode as maxperformance;
edit database 'cdbst' set property 'LogXptMode'='ASYNC';
edit database 'cdbstdg' set property 'LogXptMode'='ASYNC';

10.) Configure FAL / FLASHBACK

- FAL

Primary:
alter system set fal_client=cdbstp scope=both;
alter system set fal_server=cdbstdg scope=both;

StandBy:
alter system set fal_server=cdbstp scope=both;
alter system set fal_client=cdbstdg scope=both;

- FLASHBACK

dgmgrl sys/welcome1
edit database 'cdbstdg' set state='APPLY-OFF';
exit
sqlplus / as sysdba 
alter database  flashback on;
exit
dgmgrl sys/welcome1
edit database 'cdbstdg' set state='APPLY-ON';

11.) Including the database into the ocr

srvctl add database -d cdbstdg -o /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1 -r physical_standby -s mount -a DATA,REDO,RECO -p '+DATA/DG/spfilecdbstdg.ora'
srvctl add instance -d cdbstdg -i cdbstdg -n odasys11

- test on Standby:

srvctl stop database -d cdbstdg
srvctl start database -d cdbstdg
dgmgrl sys/welcome1@cdbstp
show configuration

12.) Switchover

-- Check if is possible execute the switchover

validate database verbose 'cdbst';
Database Role:    Primary database
Ready for Switchover:  Yes
 
-- PRIMARY

salplus / as sysdba

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO
         4 NSCDB2                         READ WRITE NO
         5 NSCDB3                         READ WRITE NO

SQL> alter session set container=NSCDB1;

Session altered.

SQL> select tablespace_name from dba_data_files;

TABLESPACE_NAME
------------------------------
SYSTEM
SYSAUX
USERS
TS_TEST

SQL> create user dr identified by dr;

User created.

SQL> grant dba to dr;

Grant succeeded.

SQL> alter user dr default tablespace TS_TEST;

User altered.

SQL> create table dr.teste as select * from dba_users;

Table created.

SQL> select count(*) from dr.teste;

  COUNT(*)
----------
        21

exit

dgmgrl sys/welcome1@cdbstp
switchover to cdbstdg;
Performing switchover NOW, please wait...
Operation requires a connection to instance "cdbstdg" on database "cdbstdg"
Connecting to instance "cdbstdg"...
Connected as SYSDBA.
New primary database "cdbstdg" is opening...
Oracle Clusterware is restarting database "cdbst" ...
Switchover succeeded, new primary is "cdbstdg"

DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration - cdbst_config

  Protection Mode: MaxAvailability
  Members:
  cdbstdg - Primary database
    cdbst   - Physical standby database

Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED

Configuration Status:
SUCCESS   (status updated 7 seconds ago)

-- StandBy (Now Primary)

sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO
         4 NSCDB2                         READ WRITE NO
         5 NSCDB3                         READ WRITE NO

alter session set container=NSCDB1;

SQL> select count(*) from dr.teste;

  COUNT(*)
----------
        21

        
--> Switching Back
odasys12:

dgmgrl sys/welcome1

DGMGRL> show configuration;

Configuration - cdbst_config

  Protection Mode: MaxAvailability
  Members:
  cdbstdg - Primary database
    cdbst   - Physical standby database

Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED

Configuration Status:
SUCCESS   (status updated 57 seconds ago)

DGMGRL> validate database cdbstdg;

  Database Role:    Primary database

  Ready for Switchover:  Yes

  Flashback Database Status:
    cdbstdg:  Off

DGMGRL> switchover to cdbst;
Performing switchover NOW, please wait...
Operation requires a connection to instance "cdbst" on database "cdbst"
Connecting to instance "cdbst"...
Connected as SYSDBA.
New primary database "cdbst" is opening...
Oracle Clusterware is restarting database "cdbstdg" ...
Switchover succeeded, new primary is "cdbst"


DGMGRL> show configuration

Configuration - cdbst_config

  Protection Mode: MaxAvailability
  Members:
  cdbst   - Primary database
    cdbstdg - Physical standby database

Fast-Start Failover: DISABLED

Configuration Status:
SUCCESS   (status updated 11 seconds ago)

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO
         4 NSCDB2                         READ WRITE NO
         5 NSCDB3                         READ WRITE NO

Migrate RAC 1 Node NON-CDB to RAC 1 Node CDB

Rac 1 Node:

nr1cdb1 - OK
nr1cdb2 - OK

Container: cdbr1

[oracle@odasys11:/home/oracle]srvctl config database -d nr1cdb1
Database unique name: nr1cdb1
Database name: nr1cdb1
Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1
Oracle user: oracle
Spfile: +DATA/NR1CDB1/PARAMETERFILE/spfile.843.942944503
Password file: +DATA/NR1CDB1/PASSWORD/pwdnr1cdb1.1067.942943723
Domain:
Start options: open
Stop options: immediate
Database role: PRIMARY
Management policy: AUTOMATIC
Server pools:
Disk Groups: DATA,REDO
Mount point paths:
Services: nr1cdb1_racone
Type: RACOneNode
Online relocation timeout: 30
Instance name prefix: nr1cdb1
Candidate servers: odasys11,odasys12
OSDBA group: dba
OSOPER group: racoper
Database instances:
Database is administrator managed

1.) Clear Shutdown on NON-CDB

shut immediate;
startup open read only;
select open_mode from v$database;

2.) Describe

BEGIN
  DBMS_PDB.DESCRIBE(
    pdb_descr_file => '/home/oracle/pdbs/nr1cdb1.xml');
END;
/

shut immediate
exit

. oraenv
cdbr1_1

sqlplus / as sysdba

set serveroutput on
 
DECLARE
   compatible BOOLEAN := FALSE;
BEGIN  
   compatible := DBMS_PDB.CHECK_PLUG_COMPATIBILITY(pdb_descr_file => '/home/oracle/pdbs/nr1cdb1.xml', pdb_name=>'nr1cdb1');
   if compatible then
     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('The Pluggable database is Compatible !!!');
   else 
     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ERROR - The Pluggable database is not compatible !!!');
   end if;
END;
/

Note: In case of issues:

col cause for a10
col name for a10
col message for a35 word_wrapped
select name,cause,type,message,status from PDB_PLUG_IN_VIOLATIONS where name='nrccdb1';

4.) Connect into the CDB Database, if not connected: cdbst

. oraenv
cdbr1_1

sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO

         
5.) Create the new PDB:

CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE nr1cdb1 USING '/home/oracle/pdbs/nr1cdb1.xml'  NOCOPY TEMPFILE REUSE;         

Pluggable database created.

select con_id, name, open_mode from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID NAME                           OPEN_MODE
---------- ------------------------------ ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY
         3 NR1CDB1                        MOUNTED

6.) Catalog

alter session set container=NR1CDB1;    

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NR1CDB1                        MOUNTED

@?/rdbms/admin/noncdb_to_pdb.sql         

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NR1CDB1                        MOUNTED


SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NR1CDB1                        READ WRITE NO
         
SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, FILE_NAME FROM DBA_DATA_FILES;

TABLESPACE_NAME                FILE_NAME
------------------------------ --------------------------------------------------
USERS                          +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/users.730.942943793
SYSAUX                         +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/sysaux.673.942943779
SYSTEM                         +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/system.1122.942943773

7.) Droping the OLD UNDO

as grid user:

[grid@odasys12:/home/grid]asmcmd lsof | grep -i NR1CDB1
cdbr1    cdbr1_1        +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/sysaux.673.942943779                                                   
cdbr1    cdbr1_1        +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/system.1122.942943773                                                  
cdbr1    cdbr1_1        +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/users.730.942943793

--> If is not in use you can remove the file

[grid@odasys12:/home/grid]asmcmd
ASMCMD> cd  +DATA/NR1CDB1/DATAFILE/

ASMCMD> ls -ltr
WARNING:option 'r' is deprecated for 'ls'
please use 'reverse'

Type      Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    SYSAUX.673.942943779
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    SYSTEM.1122.942943773
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    UNDOTBS1.781.942943781
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    UNDOTBS2.995.942943791
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    USERS.730.942943793

rm UNDOTBS1.781.942943781
rm UNDOTBS2.995.942943791

ASMCMD> ls -ltr
WARNING:option 'r' is deprecated for 'ls'
please use 'reverse'

Type      Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    SYSAUX.673.942943779
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    SYSTEM.1122.942943773
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 15:00:00  Y    USERS.730.942943793

8.) Remove the Service from the Cluster

. oraenv

nr1cdb1_1

[oracle@odasys11:/home/oracle]srvctl remove database -d  nr1cdb1
Remove the database nr1cdb1? (y/[n]) y

9) Checking the service inside of the CDB

. oraenv

cdbr1_1

sqlplus / as sysdba

col NETWORK_NAME format a20
col NAME format a20
select name, NETWORK_NAME, PDB from v$services;

NAME                 NETWORK_NAME         PDB
-------------------- -------------------- ------------------------------
nr1cdb1              nr1cdb1              NR1CDB1
cdbr1_racone         cdbr1_racone         CDB$ROOT
cdbr1XDB             cdbr1XDB             CDB$ROOT
cdbr1                cdbr1                CDB$ROOT
SYS$BACKGROUND                            CDB$ROOT
SYS$USERS                                 CDB$ROOT

alter pluggable database all save state;

[grid@odasys11:/home/grid]lsnrctl status listener | grep nr1cdb1
Service "nr1cdb1" has 1 instance(s).

10.) Check ODA repository :

oakcli show databases | grep -i nr1cdb1

cat /etc/oratab | grep -i nr1cdb1

11.) Cleaning Files both nodes:

cd /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs
ls -ltr | grep -i nr1cdb1

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall       41 May  2 17:02 initnr1cdb1_1.ora
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle asmadmin     1544 May  3 15:02 hc_nr1cdb1_1.dat
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle asmadmin   524288 May  3 15:02 id_nr1cdb1_1.dat

rm initnr1cdb1_1.ora hc_nr1cdb1_1.dat id_nr1cdb1_1.dat
rm initnr1cdb1_2.ora

12.) TNS

NR1CDB1 =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = odasys1-scan)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = nr1cdb1)
    )
  )
  
13.) Connection Test

from both nodes

sqlplus system/welcome1@NR1CDB1

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed May 3 15:22:52 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Last Successful login time: Tue May 02 2017 12:55:23 +02:00

Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options


INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbr1_1

14.) Testing thye failover:

as oracle:

srvctl relocate database -d cdbr1 -n odasys12

sqlplus sys/welcome1@NR1CDB1 as sysdba

INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbr1_2

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NR1CDB1                        READ WRITE NO

Note: If at the very first time the  failover for the  PDB is in MOUNT state,
is needed execute a manual failover with srvctl relocate database and
execute:
sqlplus / as sysdba
alter pluggable database <PDB> open;
alter pluggable database <PDB> save state;
on the next time the PDB will be opened as READ WRITE;

srvctl relocate database -d cdbr1 -n odasys11

sqlplus sys/welcome1@NR1CDB1 as sysdba

INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbr1_1

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NR1CDB1                        READ WRITE NO


Migrate RAC NON-CDB to RAC CDB

RAC --> nrccdb1
RAC --> nrccdb2

***** 1.) Check the Config

[oracle@odasys11:/home/oracle]srvctl config database -d nrccdb1
Database unique name: nrccdb1
Database name: nrccdb1
Oracle home: /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1
Oracle user: oracle
Spfile: +DATA/NRCCDB1/PARAMETERFILE/spfile.1064.942947307
Password file: +DATA/NRCCDB1/PASSWORD/pwdnrccdb1.1004.942946507
Domain:
Start options: open
Stop options: immediate
Database role: PRIMARY
Management policy: AUTOMATIC
Server pools:
Disk Groups: DATA,REDO
Mount point paths:
Services:
Type: RAC
Start concurrency:
Stop concurrency:
OSDBA group: dba
OSOPER group: racoper
Database instances: nrccdb11,nrccdb12
Configured nodes: odasys11,odasys12
Database is administrator managed

***** 2.) Stop Node 2

srvctl stop instance -i nrccdb12 -d nrccdb1

***** 3.) Restart Node 1 

. oraenv
nrccdb11

shut immediate;
startup open read only;
select open_mode from v$database;

***** 4.) Describe and Compatibility

BEGIN
  DBMS_PDB.DESCRIBE(
    pdb_descr_file => '/home/oracle/pdbs/nrccdb1.xml');
END;
/

shut immediate;
exit;

. oraenv
cdbtst11

sqlplus / as sysdba

set serveroutput on
 
DECLARE
   compatible BOOLEAN := FALSE;
BEGIN  
   compatible := DBMS_PDB.CHECK_PLUG_COMPATIBILITY(pdb_descr_file => '/home/oracle/pdbs/nrccdb1.xml', pdb_name=>'nrccdb1');
   if compatible then
     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('The Pluggable database is Compatible !!!');
   else 
     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ERROR - The Pluggable database is not compatible !!!');
   end if;
END;
/

Note: In case of issues:

col cause for a10
col name for a10
col message for a35 word_wrapped
select name,cause,type,message,status from PDB_PLUG_IN_VIOLATIONS where name='nrccdb1';

***** 6.) Connect into the CDB Database, if not connected: cdbtst1

sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO

         
***** 7.) Create the new PDB:

CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE nrccdb1 USING '/home/oracle/pdbs/nrccdb1.xml'  NOCOPY TEMPFILE REUSE;         

Pluggable database created.

SQL> show pdbs;

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 NRCCDB1                        MOUNTED


***** 8.) Catalog

alter session set container=NRCCDB1;    

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NRCCDB1                        MOUNTED


select INST_ID,CON_ID,NAME,OPEN_MODE, open_time from gv$pdbs;

   INST_ID     CON_ID NAME                 OPEN_MODE  OPEN_TIME
---------- ---------- -------------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
         1          3 NRCCDB1              MOUNTED    03-MAY-17 10.52.18.840 AM +02:00
         2          3 NRCCDB1              MOUNTED

@?/rdbms/admin/noncdb_to_pdb.sql         

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NRCCDB1                        MOUNTED


SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

select INST_ID,CON_ID,NAME,OPEN_MODE, open_time from gv$pdbs;

   INST_ID     CON_ID NAME                 OPEN_MODE  OPEN_TIME
---------- ---------- -------------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
         1          3 NRCCDB1              READ WRITE 03-MAY-17 11.37.34.288 AM +02:00
         2          3 NRCCDB1              MOUNTED


SQL> select instance_name from gv$instance;

INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbtst11
cdbtst12
         
alter pluggable database open instances=('cdbtst12');

SQL> select INST_ID,CON_ID,NAME,OPEN_MODE, open_time from gv$pdbs;

   INST_ID     CON_ID NAME                 OPEN_MODE  OPEN_TIME
---------- ---------- -------------------- ---------- ---------------------------------------------------------------------------
         1          3 NRCCDB1              READ WRITE 03-MAY-17 11.37.34.288 AM +02:00
         2          3 NRCCDB1              READ WRITE 03-MAY-17 11.45.45.375 AM +02:00

SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, FILE_NAME FROM DBA_DATA_FILES;

TABLESPACE_NAME                FILE_NAME
------------------------------ --------------------------------------------------
USERS                          +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/users.1065.942946573
SYSAUX                         +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/sysaux.857.942946559
SYSTEM                         +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/system.782.942946555


***** 9.) Droping the OLD UNDO

as grid user:

asmcmd lsof | grep -i NRCCDB1
cdbtst1  cdbtst11       +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/sysaux.857.942946559                                                   
cdbtst1  cdbtst11       +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/system.782.942946555                                                   
cdbtst1  cdbtst11       +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/users.1065.942946573  

--> If is not in use you can remove the file

[grid@odasys12:/home/grid]asmcmd
ASMCMD> cd +DATA/NRCCDB1/DATAFILE/

ASMCMD> ls -ltr
WARNING:option 'r' is deprecated for 'ls'
please use 'reverse'

Type      Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 10:00:00  Y    UNDOTBS1.994.942946563
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 10:00:00  Y    UNDOTBS2.874.942946573
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 11:00:00  Y    SYSAUX.857.942946559
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 11:00:00  Y    SYSTEM.782.942946555
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 11:00:00  Y    USERS.1065.942946573


ASMCMD> rm UNDOTBS1.994.942946563
ASMCMD> rm UNDOTBS2.874.942946573

ASMCMD> ls -ltr
WARNING:option 'r' is deprecated for 'ls'
please use 'reverse'

Type      Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 11:00:00  Y    SYSAUX.857.942946559
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 11:00:00  Y    SYSTEM.782.942946555
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 03 11:00:00  Y    USERS.1065.942946573


***** 10.) Remove the Service from the Cluster

. oraenv

nrccdb11

[oracle@odasys12:/home/oracle/pdbs]srvctl remove database -d nrccdb1
Remove the database nrccdb1? (y/[n]) y

***** 11) Checking the service inside of the CDB

. oraenv

cdbtst11

sqlplus / as sysdba

col NETWORK_NAME format a20
col NAME format a20
select name, NETWORK_NAME, PDB from v$services;

NAME                           NETWORK_NAME         PDB
------------------------------ -------------------- ------------------------------
nscdb1                         nscdb1               NSCDB1
cdbstXDB                       cdbstXDB             CDB$ROOT
cdbst                          cdbst                CDB$ROOT
SYS$BACKGROUND                                      CDB$ROOT
SYS$USERS                                           CDB$ROOT

[oracle@odasys11:/home/oracle]lsnrctl status listener | grep nrccdb1
Service "nrccdb1" has 1 instance(s).

[oracle@odasys11:/home/oracle]tnsping nrccdb1

TNS Ping Utility for Linux: Version 12.1.0.2.0 - Production on 03-MAY-2017 11:53:46

Copyright (c) 1997, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.

Used parameter files:
/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/network/admin/sqlnet.ora


Used TNSNAMES adapter to resolve the alias
Attempting to contact (DESCRIPTION = (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = odasys1-scan)(PORT = 1521)) (CONNECT_DATA = (SERVER = DEDICATED) (SERVICE_NAME = nrccdb1)))
OK (10 msec)

[oracle@odasys11:/home/oracle]sqlplus sys/welcome1@nrccdb1 as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed May 3 11:55:05 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options


INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbtst11

[oracle@odasys12:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs]sqlplus sys/welcome1@nrccdb1 as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed May 3 11:55:41 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options


INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbtst12

Note: According with MOS 1998112.1, is not a good practice use the PDB Name as a service name to connect,
so lets create a new service to be used:

. oraenv
cdbtst11

srvctl add service -database cdbtst1 -pdb NRCCDB1 -s pdb_NRCCDB1 -preferred "cdbtst11,cdbtst12"
srvctl config service -db cdbtst1 -service pdb_NRCCDB1
srvctl start service -db cdbtst1 -service pdb_NRCCDB1

sqlplus / as sysdba
select name, NETWORK_NAME, PDB from v$services;

alter pluggable database all save state;

alter session set container=NRCCDB1;

NAME                 NETWORK_NAME         PDB
-------------------- -------------------- ------------------------------
pdb_NRCCDB1          pdb_NRCCDB1          NRCCDB1
nrccdb1              nrccdb1              NRCCDB1



***** 12.) Change the TNSNAMES Entry both Nodes

cd /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/network/admin
vi tnsnames.ora

NRCCDB1 =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = odasys1-scan)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = pdb_NRCCDB1)
    )
  )

from node1:
sqlplus system/welcome1@NRCCDB1

from node2:
sqlplus system/welcome1@NRCCDB1

***** 13.) Check ODA repository :

oakcli show databases | grep -i NRCCDB1


***** 14.) Clean ORATAB both nodes
cat /etc/oratab | grep -i NRCCDB1

***** 15.) Cleaning Files both nodes:

cd /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs
ls -ltr | grep -i NRCCDB1

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall       41 May  2 17:49 initnrccdb11.ora
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle asmadmin   524288 May  3 10:48 id_nrccdb11.dat
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle asmadmin     1544 May  3 10:49 hc_nrccdb11.dat

rm initnrccdb11.ora id_nrccdb11.dat hc_nrccdb11.dat
rm initnrccdb12.ora hc_nrccdb12.dat id_nrccdb12.dat

Migrate NON-CDB to CDB

Standalone --> nscdb1
1.) Clear Shutdown on NON-CDB

shut immediate;
startup open read only;
select open_mode from v$database;

2.) Describe and Compatibility

BEGIN
  DBMS_PDB.DESCRIBE(
    pdb_descr_file => '/home/oracle/pdbs/nscdb1.xml');
END;
/

shut immediate;
exit

. oraenv
cdbst

sqlplus / as sysdba

set serveroutput on
 
DECLARE
   compatible BOOLEAN := FALSE;
BEGIN  
   compatible := DBMS_PDB.CHECK_PLUG_COMPATIBILITY(pdb_descr_file => '/home/oracle/pdbs/nscdb1.xml', pdb_name=>'nscdb1');
   if compatible then
     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('The Pluggable database is Compatible !!!');
   else 
     DBMS_OUTPUT.PUT_LINE('ERROR - The Pluggable database is not compatible !!!');
   end if;
END;
/

Note: In case of issues:

col cause for a10
col name for a10
col message for a35 word_wrapped
select name,cause,type,message,status from PDB_PLUG_IN_VIOLATIONS 
where name='nscdb1';


4.) Connect into the CDB Database, if not connected: cdbst

. oraenv
cdbst

sqlplus / as sysdba

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO

         
5.) Create the new PDB:

CREATE PLUGGABLE DATABASE nscdb1 USING '/home/oracle/pdbs/nscdb1.xml' 
 NOCOPY TEMPFILE REUSE;         

Pluggable database created.

select con_id, name, open_mode from v$pdbs;

    CON_ID NAME                           OPEN_MODE
---------- ------------------------------ ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY
         3 NSCDB1                         MOUNTED

6.) Catalog

alter session set container=NSCDB1;    

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NSCDB1                         MOUNTED

@?/rdbms/admin/noncdb_to_pdb.sql         

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NSCDB1                         MOUNTED

SQL> alter database open;

Database altered.

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO
         
  1* SELECT TABLESPACE_NAME, FILE_NAME FROM DBA_DATA_FILES
SQL> /

TABLESPACE_NAME                FILE_NAME
------------------------------ --------------------------------------------------
USERS                          +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/users.502.942942475
SYSAUX                         +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/sysaux.586.942942461
SYSTEM                         +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/system.325.942942455

7.) Droping the OLD UNDO

as grid user:

[grid@odasys12:/home/grid]asmcmd lsof | grep -i NSCDB1
cdbst     cdbst          +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/sysaux.586.942942461
cdbst     cdbst          +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/system.325.942942455
cdbst     cdbst          +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/users.502.942942475

--> If is not in use you can remove the file

[grid@odasys12:/home/grid]asmcmd
ASMCMD> cd +DATA/NSCDB1/DATAFILE/

ASMCMD> ls -ltr
WARNING:option 'r' is deprecated for 'ls'
please use 'reverse'

Type      Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 18:00:00  Y    UNDOTBS1.587.942942465
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 19:00:00  Y    SYSAUX.586.942942461
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 19:00:00  Y    SYSTEM.325.942942455
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 19:00:00  Y    USERS.502.942942475

ASMCMD> rm UNDOTBS1.587.942942465
ASMCMD> ls -ltr
WARNING:option 'r' is deprecated for 'ls'
please use 'reverse'

Type      Redund  Striped  Time             Sys  Name
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 19:00:00  Y    SYSAUX.586.942942461
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 19:00:00  Y    SYSTEM.325.942942455
DATAFILE  MIRROR  COARSE   MAY 02 19:00:00  Y    USERS.502.942942475

8.) Remove the Service from the Cluster

. oraenv

nscdb1

[oracle@odasys12:/home/oracle/pdbs]srvctl remove database -d nscdb1
Remove the database nscdb1? (y/[n]) y

9) Checking the service inside of the CDB

. oraenv

cdbst

sqlplus / as sysdba

col NETWORK_NAME format a20
col NAME format a20
select name, NETWORK_NAME, PDB from v$services;

NAME                           NETWORK_NAME         PDB
------------------------------ -------------------- ------------------------------
nscdb1                         nscdb1               NSCDB1
cdbstXDB                       cdbstXDB             CDB$ROOT
cdbst                          cdbst                CDB$ROOT
SYS$BACKGROUND                                      CDB$ROOT
SYS$USERS                                           CDB$ROOT

[grid@odasys12:/home/grid]lsnrctl status listener | grep nscdb1
Service "nscdb1" has 1 instance(s).

10.) Check ODA repository :

oakcli show databases | grep -i nscdb1

cat /etc/oratab | grep -i nscdb1

11.) Cleaning Files:

cd /u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/dbs
ls -ltr | grep -i nscdb1

-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall     7680 May  2 16:38 orapwnscdb1
-rw-r----- 1 oracle oinstall       39 May  2 16:40 initnscdb1.ora
-rw-rw---- 1 oracle asmadmin     1544 May  2 18:40 hc_nscdb1.dat

rm orapwnscdb1 initnscdb1.ora hc_nscdb1.dat

12.) TNS

NSCDB1 =
  (DESCRIPTION =
    (ADDRESS = (PROTOCOL = TCP)(HOST = odasys12.bgl.lu)(PORT = 1521))
    (CONNECT_DATA =
      (SERVER = DEDICATED)
      (SERVICE_NAME = nscdb1)
    )
  )

  
13.) Connection Test
sqlplus / as sysdba
  
INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbst

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         2 PDB$SEED                       READ ONLY  NO
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO


alter pluggable database all save state;

SQL>  alter session set container=NSCDB1;

Session altered.

SQL>

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO
SQL> create user conntest identified by x;

User created.

SQL> grant connect to conntest;

Grant succeeded.

exit;

[oracle@odasys12:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/network/admin]sqlplus conntest/x@NSCDB1

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed May 3 09:29:10 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options

exit

[oracle@odasys12:/u01/app/oracle/product/12.1.0.2/dbhome_1/network/admin]sqlplus sys/welcome1@NSCDB1 as sysdba

SQL*Plus: Release 12.1.0.2.0 Production on Wed May 3 09:30:15 2017

Copyright (c) 1982, 2014, Oracle.  All rights reserved.


Connected to:
Oracle Database 12c Enterprise Edition Release 12.1.0.2.0 - 64bit Production
With the Partitioning, Real Application Clusters, Automatic Storage Management, OLAP,
Advanced Analytics and Real Application Testing options


INSTANCE_NAME
----------------
cdbst

SQL> show pdbs

    CON_ID CON_NAME                       OPEN MODE  RESTRICTED
---------- ------------------------------ ---------- ----------
         3 NSCDB1                         READ WRITE NO